Idolatry

   Image-worship or divine honour paid to any created object. Paul describes the origin of idolatry in Rom. 1:21-25: men forsook God, and sank into ignorance and moral corruption (1:28).
   The forms of idolatry are,
   1) Fetishism, or the worship of trees, rivers, hills, stones, etc.
   2) Nature worship, the worship of the sun, moon, and stars, as the supposed powers of nature.
   3) Hero worship, the worship of deceased ancestors, or of heroes.
   In Scripture, idolatry is regarded as of heathen origin, and as being imported among the Hebrews through contact with heathen nations. The first allusion to idolatry is in the account of Rachel stealing her father's teraphim (Gen. 31:19), which were the relics of the worship of other gods by Laban's progenitors "on the other side of the river in old time" (Josh. 24:2). During their long residence in Egypt the Hebrews fell into idolatry, and it was long before they were delivered from it (Josh. 24:14; Ezek. 20:7). Many a token of God's displeasure fell upon them because of this sin.
   The idolatry learned in Egypt was probably rooted out from among the people during the forty years' wanderings; but when the Jews entered Palestine, they came into contact with the monuments and associations of the idolatry of the old Canaanitish races, and showed a constant tendency to depart from the living God and follow the idolatrous practices of those heathen nations. It was their great national sin, which was only effectually rebuked by the Babylonian exile. That exile finally purified the Jews of all idolatrous tendencies.
   The first and second commandments are directed against idolatry of every form. Individuals and communities were equally amenable to the rigorous code. The individual offender was devoted to destruction (Ex. 22:20). His nearest relatives were not only bound to denounce him and deliver him up to punishment (Deut. 13:20-10), but their hands were to strike the first blow when, on the evidence of two witnesses at least, he was stoned (Deut. 17:2-7). To attempt to seduce others to false worship was a crime of equal enormity (13:6-10). An idolatrous nation shared the same fate. No facts are more strongly declared in the Old Testament than that the extermination of the Canaanites was the punishment of their idolatry (Ex. 34:15, 16; Deut. 7; 12:29-31; 20:17), and that the calamities of the Israelites were due to the same cause (Jer. 2:17). "A city guilty of idolatry was looked upon as a cancer in the state; it was considered to be in rebellion, and treated according to the laws of war. Its inhabitants and all their cattle were put to death." Jehovah was the theocratic King of Israel, the civil Head of the commonwealth, and therefore to an Israelite idolatry was a state offence (1 Sam. 15:23), high treason. On taking possession of the land, the Jews were commanded to destroy all traces of every kind of the existing idolatry of the Canaanites (Ex. 23:24, 32; 34:13; Deut. 7:5, 25; 12:1-3).
   In the New Testament the term idolatry is used to designate covetousness (Matt. 6:24; Luke 16:13; Col. 3:5; Eph. 5:5).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Idolatry — • Etymologically denotes divine worship given to an image, but its signification has been extended to all divine worship given to anyone or anything but the true God Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Idolatry     Idolatry …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Idolatry — I*dol a*try, n.; pl. {Idolatries}. [F. idol[^a]trie, LL. idolatria, L. idololatria, Fr. Gr. ?; ? idol + ? service.] 1. The worship of idols, images, or anything which is not God; the worship of false gods. [1913 Webster] His eye surveyed the dark …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • idolatry — index laudation Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • idolatry — (n.) mid 13c., from O.Fr. idolatrie, from V.L. idolatria, shortened from L.L. idololatria (Tertullian), from Eccles. Gk. eidololatria worship of idols, from eidolon image (see IDOL (Cf. idol)) + latreia worship, service (see LATRY (Cf. latry)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • idolatry — ► NOUN 1) worship of idols. 2) adulation. DERIVATIVES idolater noun idolatrous adjective. ORIGIN from Greek eid lon idol + latreia worship …   English terms dictionary

  • idolatry — [ī däl′ə trē] n. pl. idolatries [ME idolatrie < OFr < LL(Ec) idolatria < Gr(N.T.) eidōlolatreia: see IDOLATER] 1. worship of idols 2. excessive devotion to or reverence for some person or thing …   English World dictionary

  • Idolatry — The Adoration of the Golden Calf by Nicolas Poussin. Idolatry is a pejorative term for the worship of an idol, a physical object such as a cult image, as a god,[1] or practices believed to verge on worship, such as giving undue honour and regard… …   Wikipedia

  • IDOLATRY — Greek eidōlon originally meant image or fantasy. By the time of the Septuagint the term was used for images of gods. Idolatry is literally image worship. To grasp the character of image worship in biblical literature one must first realize that… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • idolatry — /uy dol euh tree/, n., pl. idolatries. 1. the religious worship of idols. 2. excessive or blind adoration, reverence, devotion, etc. [1200 50; ME idolatrie < ML idolatria, by haplology from LL idololatria Gk (NT) eidololatreía. See IDOL LATRY]… …   Universalium

  • Idolatry — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Idolatry >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 idolatry idolatry idolism Sgm: N 1 demonism demonism demonolatry Sgm: N 1 idol worship idol worship demon worship devil worship fire worship Sgm: N 1 zoolatry …   English dictionary for students

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